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3 Web Dev Careers Decoded: Front-End vs Back-End vs Full Stack


You open a new browser tab, type in a URL, and press enter. The site loads instantly. It nearly takes your breath away with its ultra-clean layout, well-constructed pages, and impressive visuals. Websites are now a critical component for any business to stay competitive. And as web development trends and best practices change practically with the season, there’s no shortage of work for developers. But how do you know exactly what kind of web development work to seek out and train for? If you’ve poked around on job listing sites or browsed through online courses, you’ve probably gathered that web development tends to break down into three main concentrations: front-end, back-end, and full stack.

You open a new tab in your favorite web browser, type in a URL and hit Enter. The site loads instantly. The ultra-clean layout, well-constructed pages, and impressive visuals are more than enough to take your breath away. Interesting, right? Some of them offer the best visuals, some of them offers the best feature sets. Some offer both of them.

Websites now play a critical role in our everyday life. It’s one of the most powerful weapons at the hand of businesses to stay competitive. Businesses can reach to new customers faster and more efficiently than before.

To meet the needs, there’ll always be the necessity of web devs. The field of web development is so, so large! Don’t worry if it feels confusing. Interested in web development? Which skill to master? Which field to train for? If you’ve poked different job listing sites around, you may already have an idea of the recent trends. There are 3 major categories in the web development field that requires different skill sets and mastery.

Let’s check them out!


Front-end is the part that the visitor faces when they visit the site. It’s the prime point for all the immersive user-experience. All the super-cool menus, dropdowns, sliders, fonts, colors, and animation etc. all are the result of this section.

All the front-end features are careful programming of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. However, these 3 languages are a MUST for every single web developer.

As a front-end developer, it’s important to also be proficient in other frameworks like Bootstrap, Backbone, AngularJS, EmberJS, and Foundation etc.






The back-end is the main part of a website. It’s where all behind-the-scenes happen. Communicating with the server and database, deciding which content to show, which user to allow access the service etc. all are a part of the back-end.

For back-end development, programming is a must. You need to be a good programmer with profound mastery on different programming languages like PHP, Python, Java, Ruby, and SQL etc. The back-end is highly connected to working with different database solution like MySQL, Oracle etc.

There are also a number of frameworks. For example, PHP frameworks (Zend, CakePHP, Symfony etc,); Python frameworks (Django, Pyramid, Flask etc.), Java frameworks (GWT, Blade etc.) and others.

Full Stack

This is a new term that’s coined recently. Nowadays, any web developer targeting the front-end must learn a good amount of back-end development. The opposite is also true. That’s what full stack development is. It’s more like being jacks-of-all-trades. The role was popularized by Facebook’s engineering department. The idea is working seamlessly on the full “stack” of technology. In this case, it’s both front-end and back-end development.

For the current web development field, it’s more necessary than ever. If you’re a full stack developer, you ensure the highest possibility of getting hired for any project. However, because of its nature, full stack development is more challenging. For example, you can be good at cooking or baking. If you want to be a master in both, that’s a difficult task.

Final thoughts

Web development has many faces. It doesn’t matter which one you choose, you need to dedicate enough time and effort into mastering the skills. Improve your ability to solve problems, learn quickly and communicate. These will give you an edge in the marketplace. Keep an eye on full stack development. It’s a more challenging but more rewarding sector. There’s been never a better time than pursuing a career like web development. With the exponential growth of the internet, the sector is going to expand more and more. Let’s start learning web development to have an edge on the career.

One thought on “3 Web Dev Careers Decoded: Front-End vs Back-End vs Full Stack

  1. Wow! Educative post. Love it.

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